Sunday, August 18, 2019
Witches :: essays research papers
In the Malleus Maleficarum, Sprenger and KramerÃ¢â¬â¢s basic argument about the origins of witchcraft is that witchcraft is found chiefly in women due to several reasons that focus on characteristics of women. Sprenger and Kramer argue that witchcraft in women is more probable because women were very naÃ ¯ve and impressionable, carnal lust is never satisfied in women, and they are of lower intelligence and weaker memories than men. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Women are viewed as very naÃ ¯ve and impressionable because they are influenced much easier and therefore they are more likely to become involved with the devil. Women were Ã¢â¬Å"more credulous, and since the chief aim of the devil is to corrupt faith, therefore he rather attacks themÃ¢â¬ (120). Women being credulous and naÃ ¯ve makes it easier for the devil to entice them into witchery. They were also much more impressionable making them prime targets for Ã¢â¬Å"disembodied spiritsÃ¢â¬ to influence them and cause wickedness (120). The spirits referred to are those of evil and without faith, and since women were more vulnerable they would be more likely to abandon faith and be inclined to follow the devil. Sprenger and Kramer state that a Ã¢â¬Å"wicked woman is by her nature quicker to waver in her faith, and consequently quicker to abjure the faith, which is the root of witchcraftÃ¢â¬ (121). This further shows how much more likely it would be for women to become witches since the naivety and impressionability of women is what would cause the quickness to waver and abjure faith. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Sprenger and Kramer felt the insatiable carnal lust that was part of women led them to witchery because their lust cannot be satisfied and it would lead to involvement with the devil. Proverbs xxx states Ã¢â¬Å"There are three things which are never satisfied, yea a fourth thing which says not, It is enough; that is, the mouth of the wombÃ¢â¬ (127). Women basically are viewed as women obsessed with sexual encounters that could not be satisfied by man alone, so they in turn would become involved with the devil to fulfill their desires. This is also shown when a woman falsely accuses Joseph because he would not agree to have sex with her and he ends up imprisoned (121). As explained in the selection Ã¢â¬Å"when she hates someone whom she formerly loved, then she seethes with anger and impatienceÃ¢â¬ (121). This shows how the lust of the woman who accused Joseph caused her wickedness to accuse him.